Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is usually caused by abnormal genes (gene mutations) that cause the heart muscle to grow abnormally thick. In most people with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, the muscular wall (septum) between the two bottom chambers of the heart (ventricles) becomes thicker than normal.
How do I fix my Hocm?
Medications to treat hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and its symptoms may include:
- Beta blockers such as metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol-XL), propranolol (Inderal, Innopran XL) or atenolol (Tenormin)
- Calcium channel blockers such as verapamil (Verelan, Calan SR,) or diltiazem (Cardizem, Tiazac)
Can Hocm be cured?
There is no cure for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM).
What is meant by Hocm?
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM, or HOCM when obstructive) is a condition in which the heart becomes thickened without an obvious cause. The parts of the heart most commonly affected are the interventricular septum and the ventricles.
What is the treatment for thickening of the heart?
Alcohol septal ablation (nonsurgical procedure) – In this procedure, ethanol (a type of alcohol) is injected through a tube into the small artery that supplies blood to the area of heart muscle thickened by HCM. The alcohol causes these cells to die. The thickened tissue shrinks to a more normal size.
What are 4 signs of cardiomyopathy?
Signs and symptoms of cardiomyopathy include:
- Shortness of breath or trouble breathing, especially with physical exertion.
- Swelling in the ankles, feet, legs, abdomen and veins in the neck.
- Fainting during physical activity.
- Arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats)
Can ECG detect HCM?
Test based on electrocardiograms (ECG) that record the heart electrical activity can help in early detection of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) where the heart muscle is partially thickened and blood flow is (potentially fatally) obstructed.
What is end stage HCM?
One of the most serious manifestations of HCM, apart from sudden death, is progressive systolic heart failure (HF) often coupled with ventricular dilatation, which for the lack of a better name, is referred to as end-stage HCM.
Can you reverse HCM?
Exercise Can Prevent and Reverse the Severity of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy.
Can you live a long life with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
Contrary to the popular belief, people with HCM can live a long life, almost equal to the general population. However, they require frequent screening, medications, and supervised physical exertion. According to recent study, majority of the affected people have few or no symptoms.
What causes heart wall thickening?
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is most often caused by abnormal genes in the heart muscle. These genes cause the walls of the heart chamber (left ventricle) to contract harder and become thicker than normal. The thickened walls become stiff.
Can stress cause hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?
According to a new study, researchers have found that in addition to gene mutations, environmental stress also plays a key role in the development of the heart disease, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
What are the three types of cardiomyopathy?
The main types of cardiomyopathy include dilated, hypertrophic and restrictive cardiomyopathy. Treatment — which might include medications, surgically implanted devices, heart surgery or, in severe cases, a heart transplant — depends on which type of cardiomyopathy you have and how serious it is.
Can high blood pressure cause thickening of the heart?
High blood pressure means the pressure inside the blood vessels (called arteries) is too high. As the heart pumps against this pressure, it must work harder. Over time, this causes the heart muscle to thicken.
Can you reverse thickening of the heart muscle?
Treatment. There is no treatment which can reverse the changes of the heart muscle. Treatment aims to ease symptoms if they occur and to prevent complications. If you do not have any symptoms or you only have mild symptoms then you may not need any treatment.