There are two possible causes for cubitus valgus: a congenital condition or a fracture. The two congenital conditions that commonly cause cubitus valgus are Turner syndrome and Noonan syndrome. Turner syndrome is a chromosomal disorder in which a female is born with only one X chromosome.
How common is cubitus valgus?
The most common deformity following supracondylar fracture is cubitus varus, the incidence of which according to the literature varies between 9 and 57 per cent (H0yer 1952). Cubitus valgus is less common but more harmful because it carries the risk of progressive palsy of the ulnar nerve (Gay and Love 1947).
Can carrying angle be reduced?
A decreased carrying angle can result in the forearm pointing towards the body, known as gunstock deformity or cubitus varus.
How is valgus deformity treated?
Treatment for Valgus Deformity With physical therapy, you may learn to achieve proper alignment of the leg, and it is possible to improve gait, stabilize the knees, and strengthen the muscles in the legs, hips, and thighs.
How do you treat cubitus valgus without surgery?
The Ilizarov technique with gradual controlled coordinated stretching is a safe and versatile method of treating cubitus valgus deformity at the elbow without the problems of an unsightly scar or limited range of movement and gives a good clinical and radiological outcome.
How does cubitus valgus occur?
Cubitus varus or bow elbow or gunstock deformity is the result of malunion occurring as a complication of supracondylar fracture of the humerus. It occurs in only the extension type of supracondylar fracture of the humerus, causing a reduction or loss of the carrying angle. Various aetiologies have been suggested.
When do you correct cubitus varus?
Although cubitus varus has been conventionally described as a cosmetic deformity with little functional disability, surgical treatment might be necessary when patients are unsatisfied with the appearance of their arms or have late sequelae such as chronic pain, ulnar nerve palsy [1, 2], posterolateral rotary
What is the difference between varus and valgus?
Whenever the distal part is more lateral, it is called valgus. Whenever the distal part is more medial, it is called varus. Therefore, when the apex of a joint points medially, the deformity, if any, would be called valgus, as the distal part points laterally.
What is a valgus position?
A valgus deformity is a condition in which the bone segment distal to a joint is angled outward, that is, angled laterally, away from the body’s midline. The opposite deformation, where the twist or angulation is directed medially, toward the center of the body, is called varus.
Is cubitus varus a disability?
Cubitus varus deformity, also known as bow-elbow is unsightly in appearance and does not cause functional disability.
What is a valgus deformity?
Valgus knee deformity is defined as a tibio-femoral angle of greater than 10°. Typically, the deformity is the result of changes to both the bony and soft-tissue components around the knee.
Why is carrying angle important?
Background: The carrying angle is defined as the acute angle made by the median axis of arm and median axis of forearm in full extension and supination. This angle permits the forearms to clear the hips in swinging movements during walking and is important when carrying objects.
What causes carrying angle?
Certain fractures of the elbow can increase the carrying angle of the elbow, causing the arms to stick out too much from the body. This is called an excessive carrying angle. Other fractures of the elbow can decrease the carrying angle of the elbow. If the angle is decreased, the arm points toward the body.
Why carrying angle is more in female?
The carrying angle is acute angle between median axis of the upper arm with fully extended and supinated forearm. This angle can also be used to calculate lateral obliquity of arms1. It is said that females have more carrying angle than males because of variations in secondary sexual characters in females2 3 4 5 6.