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What Causes IFG?


IFG is caused by the body’s inability to regulate glucose levels correctly. Insulin production may be reduced and/or cells may be resistant to insulin so blood glucose levels are higher than normal. If you are overweight and do not take regular exercise, your risk of developing IFG and IGT is increased.

What does IFG stand for in medical terms?

Abbreviations: IFG = impaired fasting glucose; IGT = impaired glucose tolerance; OGTT = oral glucose tolerance test.

How is IFG treated?

How is impaired fasting glycemia treated? IFG doesn’t require medical treatment, but lowering blood glucose levels can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes development.

What is IFG in blood test?

Impaired fasting glycaemia (IFG) is sometimes called pre-diabetes. This is when blood glucose levels in the body are raised, but are not high enough to mean that the person has diabetes.

What is the difference between IFG and IGT?

IFG is now defined by an elevated fasting plasma glucose (FPG) concentration ( ≥100 and <126 mg/dl ) (29). IGT is defined by an elevated 2-h plasma glucose concentration (≥140 and <200 mg/dl) after a 75-g glucose load on the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in the presence of an FPG concentration <126 mg/dl (29,30).

How is IGT diagnosed?

People who have impaired glucose tolerance often exhibit zero symptoms. Often, IGT is diagnosed when doctors conduct blood tests for another reason. IGT is diagnosed using a glucose tolerance test (GTT). This test deciphers how your body is processing glucose.

Whats does IGT mean?

Impaired glucose tolerance: A transition phase between normal glucose tolerance and diabetes, also referred to as prediabetes. In impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), the levels of blood glucose are between normal and diabetic.


What is DLP in medicine?

Dyslipidemia (DLP) is the most significant risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Most recently, also kidney disorders have been increasingly referred to as a risk factor for the manifestation of CVD.

Is IFG reversible?

In some cases, a complete reversal of IFG can be achieved. Certain risk factors, such as being of Afro-Caribbean or South Asian ethnicity, as well as increasing age, are unavoidable, and such individuals may be advised to follow these guidelines, as well as monitor their blood glucose levels, more closely.

Is 6.2 sugar level normal?

Fasting blood sugar test A fasting blood sugar level below 100 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) — 5.6 millimoles per liter (mmol/L) — is considered normal. A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 7.0 mmol/L ) is considered prediabetes. This result is sometimes called impaired fasting glucose.

What is normal blood sugar level?

A blood sugar level less than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) is normal. A reading of more than 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) after two hours indicates diabetes. A reading between 140 and 199 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L and 11.0 mmol/L) indicates prediabetes.

What are the warning signs of prediabetes?

Warning signs of prediabetes

  • Blurry vision.
  • Cold hands and feet.
  • Dry mouth.
  • Excessive thirst.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Increase in urinary tract infections.
  • Increased irritability, nervousness or anxiety.
  • Itchy skin.

What is a normal blood sugar 1 hour after eating?

Here are the normal blood sugar ranges for a person without diabetes according to the American Diabetes Association: Fasting blood sugar (in the morning, before eating): under 100 mg/dL. 1 hour after a meal: 90 to 130 mg/dL. 2 hours after a meal: 90 to 110 mg/dL.

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