Genu: The Latin word for the knee. When the knee is referred to in medicine, it is just called the knee. However, the word “genu” is also used in medicine as in: genu recurvatum (hyperextension of the knee), genu valgum (knock knee) and genu varum (bowleg).
What does arthralgia mean?
Arthralgia describes joint stiffness. Among its many causes are overuse, sprains, injury, gout, tendonitis and a number of infectious diseases, including rheumatic fever and chickenpox.
What is the difference between arthritis and arthralgia?
Arthralgia means pain in a joint. Polyarthralgia means pain in several joints (two or more for the purposes of this discussion). Arthritis is a diagnosis and is not a symptom; its diagnosis requires the physical signs of articular inflammation or the physical or roentgenographic signs of osteoarthritis.
What is the main knee joint called?
The thigh bone (the femur) meets the large shin bone (the tibia) to form the main knee joint. This joint has an inner (medial) and an outer (lateral) compartment. The kneecap (the patella) joins the femur to form a third joint, called the patellofemoral joint. The patella protects the front of the knee joint.
What is the movement of the knee joint?
The knee joint is a modified hinge joint (ginglymus). The active movements of the knee joint are described as flexion, extension, medial rotation and lateral rotation.
Will arthralgia go away?
joint pain (arthralgia) symptoms Joint pain can be intermittent and gradual, or it can be sudden. Pain may go away after resting or taking an over-the-counter medication, or it may not respond to pain relievers at all. Joint pain can fit any of these criteria.
What is the best treatment for arthralgia?
Minor arthralgia can be treated at home with over-the-counter medications that reduce pain and swelling, or by icing, taking warm baths, or stretching. More severe cases of arthralgia may benefit from medical procedures, such as steroid injections, joint aspiration, or physical therapy.
What are the 5 worst foods to eat if you have arthritis?
The 5 Best and Worst Foods for Those Managing Arthritis Pain
- Trans Fats. Trans fats should be avoided since they can trigger or worsen inflammation and are very bad for your cardiovascular health.
- Refined Carbs & White Sugar.
- Processed & Fried Foods.
- Garlic & Onions.
- Citrus Fruit.
Does joint pain always mean arthritis?
While the most common cause of joint pain is arthritis, not every swollen knee or stiff elbow is the result of an arthritic condition. You could have a different problem altogether, and it’s important to have a joint specialist who explores all avenues to arrive at the right diagnosis, not just the most likely one.
How bad can osteoarthritis get?
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that worsens over time, often resulting in chronic pain. Joint pain and stiffness can become severe enough to make daily tasks difficult. Depression and sleep disturbances can result from the pain and disability of osteoarthritis.
What is joint pain called?
Most commonly, however, joint pain refers to arthritis or arthralgia, which is inflammation or pain from within the joint itself.
What is the area below the knee called?
The popliteal fossa (sometimes referred to as the back knee, hough, or kneepit in analogy to the cubital fossa) is a shallow depression located at the back of the knee joint. The bones of the popliteal fossa are the femur and the tibia.
What type of joint is a knee?
The knee is a modified hinge joint, a type of synovial joint, which is composed of three functional compartments: the patellofemoral articulation, consisting of the patella, or “kneecap”, and the patellar groove on the front of the femur through which it slides; and the medial and lateral tibiofemoral articulations
What is the most common knee injury?
ACL injuries are one of the most common types of knee injuries and account for about 40 percent of all sports-related injuries. An ACL injury can range from a small tear in the ligament to a severe injury –when the ligament completely tears or becomes separated from the bone itself.