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What Type Of Radiation Is Used For Sterilize Medical Instruments?


More than 40 per cent of all single-use medical devices produced worldwide are sterilized with gamma irradiation. The IAEA helps its Member States set up radiation facilities and provides guidelines for the use of sterilization applications that use radiation.

What waves are used to sterilize surgical instruments?

Gamma rays are high energy electromagnetic waves. They can easily pass through medical equipment, such as syringes. Radiation is used to sterilize medical instruments by putting a clean, instrument in an air-tight bag.

What is the chemical method of sterilization?

Hydrogen peroxide is a liquid chemical sterilizing agent which is a strong oxidant and can destroy a wide range of microorganisms. It is useful in the sterilization of heat or temperature-sensitive equipment like endoscopes. In medical applications, a higher concentration (35-90%) is used.

Which ray is used for sterilization?

Gamma radiation sterilization is the most popular form of radiation sterilization. [1,4] Co-60 and, to a lesser extent, Cs-137 serve as radiation sources and undergo decomposition to release high energy gamma rays. The produced electromagnetic radiation is highly penetrating and can kill contaminating microorganisms.

What electromagnetic waves are used in sterilization of water?

UV-C: also known as “Shortwave UV”. UVC has a wavelength range of 280 – 100 nm. It is the most harmful and highest energy of the three UV wavelengths. In industry UVC is used for water and air disinfection as it can render micro-organisms harmless.

How are medical tools sterilized?

Medical devices are sterilized in a variety of ways including using moist heat (steam), dry heat, radiation, ethylene oxide gas, vaporized hydrogen peroxide, and other sterilization methods (for example, chlorine dioxide gas, vaporized peracetic acid, and nitrogen dioxide).


What are the 4 types of sterilization?

4 Main Methods of Sterilization | Organisms | Microbiology

  • Physical Methods:
  • Radiation Method:
  • Ultrasonic Method:
  • Chemical Method:

What is the best method of sterilization?

Different sterilization methods used in the laboratory

  • Heat Method: This is the most common method of sterilization.
  • Filtration is the quickest way to sterilize solutions without heating.
  • Radiation sterilization: This method involves exposing the packed materials to radiation (UV, X-rays, gamma rays) for sterilization.

What are the two types of sterilization?

The methods are: 1. Moist Heat Sterilization 2. Dry Heat Sterilization 3. Gas Sterilization and Others.

Which is used for sterilization?

Ethylene oxide gas has been used since the 1950s for heat- and moisture-sensitive medical devices. Within the past 15 years, a number of new, low-temperature sterilization systems (e.g., hydrogen peroxide gas plasma, peracetic acid immersion, ozone) have been developed and are being used to sterilize medical devices.

What is the advantage of chemical sterilization?

Advantages of Chemical Sterilization: relatively painless (usually used with sedation) and quick procedure. eliminates risk of complications from anesthesia and surgery. need for post-procedure care and observation is minimal. considered safe in most cases.

What is difference between sterilization and disinfection?

Disinfection and sterilization are both decontamination processes. While disinfection is the process of eliminating or reducing harmful microorganisms from inanimate objects and surfaces, sterilization is the process of killing all microorganisms.

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